Barbs are freshwater tropical fish within the genera Barbus and Puntius. They are very popular aquarium inhabitants, and the group includes well-known species such as the tiger barb and cherry barb. They do best in schools and keeping a few will decrease the chances that they will pick on other fish.

Betta Fish (Siamese Fighting Fish)

Scientific Name: Betta splendens

Family: Belontiidae

Size: 2.5 to 3 inches

Temperature: 23.8°C to 29.4°C

Alkalinity: Undemanding

Origin: Thailand


Black Tetra fish


Scientific Name: Gymnocorymbus ternetzi

Family: Characidae

Size: 1½ inches

Temperature: 21.1°C to 24.4°C

Alkalinity: soft and acidic, to neutral pH: 6.4 to 7.0

Origin: Rio Negro basin


Black Molly fish

Scientific Name: Poecilia sphenops

Family: Poecilia

Size: 3 inches

Temperature: 21.1°C to 2.7°C

Alkalinity: Hard



Blackline Penguinfish

Scientific Name: Thayeria boehlkei

Family: CharacidaeSize:2.4 to 3 inches

Temperature: 22.7°C to 28.8°C

Alkalinity: Soft, slightly acidic water is best, but this fish is adaptable to other water conditions. Acidic water is necessary for breeding.

pH: 6.0 is best but it will tolerate a pH of 5.5 to 8.0

Origin: From the Amazon Basin in South America

 Bronze Cory fish

Description: ronze Cory - Aaron Norman

Scientific Name: Corydoras aeneus

Family: Callichthyidae

Size: 3 inches

Temperature: 23.3°C to 25.5°C

For spawning, temperatures of 23.8°C to 26.1°C are preferred

Alkalinity: not particular

Origin: South America

Cardinal Tetra fish

Description: ardinal Tetra - Aaron Norman

Scientific Name: Paracheirodon axelrodi

Family: Characidae

Size: 1½ inches

Temperature: 23.8°C to 27.7°C

Alkalinity: As soft and acid as possible

pH: 6.0 to 6.8

Origin: Upper Rio Negro and Amazon basins

Glass catfish

Scientific Name: Kryptopterus bicirrhis

Family: Siluridae

Size: 2.5inches

Temperature: 22.2 – 27.7°C

Alkalinity: Neutral to acidic, moderately soft

pH: 6.8 to 7.2

Origin: East Indonesia to Thailand and Cambodia

Ram fish

Scientific Name: Mikrogeophagus ramirezi

Family:               Cichlidae

Size:                  1.5 inches

Temperature:     26.6°C to 30°C

Alkalinity:           soft to moderately hard

pH:                     acidic, 5.0 to 6.0

Origin:                Colombia, Venezuela


Guppy fish

Scientific Name:  Poecilia reticulata

Family:                 Poeciliidae

Size:                    2 to 2.5 inches

Temperature:       23.3°C to 27.7°C

Alkalinity:             Undemanding

Origin:                  Trinidad and Northern Venezuela

Amano shrimp:

A tiny shrimp that helps to cleaning the tank. Their main food intake are algaes which is what we don’t want. Keep a few of these shrimps inside which will prevent the algae growth in the tank.

It will be good to keep a few Algae eater snails in the aquarium as they work like cleaning agents. They minimize algae growth especially on uneven surfaces like stone.

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